Category Archives: Climate Change

What future do you want?

I want a future where equality of opportunity knows no borders and no era. Equality of opportunity in education, health, and economic development. Also, equality of opportunity across generations. Our children deserve a planet with the same environmental health that we enjoy today —  if not better. I believe in our ability to achieve a quasi-Utopian future, one in which imperfect (hence the quasi-), but thoughtful societies find a balance, both internally and with their shared environments.

I want a planet where societies make educated decisions that address the needs of now without sacrificing the foundations of our future. Ask yourself, “are we on a path to that future?”. There are lots of statistics, images, peer-reviewed scientific research, and harsh realities suggesting that the answer is “no”, that instead we are running a resource deficit and feeding a process that drives an ever-unpredictable climate and future. Part of this stems from our obsession with economic growth and consumption. Ironically, as a former student of economics and policy, now looking to launch his career, I care about the subject of economics. I want a stronger economy where I can create professional opportunities for myself and others. Still, within a finite world, fast-paced economic growth based on a business model of unsustainable products and services will not create a job that I want to apply for. Such a model is unfair to the whole of our population, and particularly unjust for the marginalized communities of today and the disadvantaged generations of tomorrow. These groups are ill-equipped to defend themselves against the impacts of shortsighted economic growth. Instead, let us look to how we may deepen economic development: doing more for society while manipulating less of our environment. I envision a future where individuals, governments, and businesses strive to achieve comprehensive sustainability by: (1) deepening economic development, (2) providing better information and tools to our communities, and (3) creating models of success in terms of the responsible consumption of resources (especially energy).

I will admit, this vision is vague on details, as it is a vision of a mindset rather than a roadmap. However, it is as much our mindset as it is our pocketbooks that drives our behavior — and I believe these issues all boil down to behavior. We can only technologically innovate our way out of some of this challenge. Therefore, our behavior must change. Otherwise, our environment will most certainly change to the detriment of a population that was unwilling – or unable – to do so itself.

I, for one, am optimistic that this will not be the case. We will innovate in technology and behavior. We will find a solution. I look forward to our shared challenge. Our shared roadmap. Our shared future.

Visit http://futurewewant.org/ to join the discussion.

Meet South African Hero, Shaun Thomson

When I arrived in Durban for COP17, I knew that I would meet a lot of interesting people. But I thought they would all be from the field of climate change. That was until I incidentally ran into Shaun Thompson while I was biking back to my accommodation from the conference. Shaun, who was crowned World Champion of Surfing in 1977, is a hero here in South Africa.

I caught him outside his apartment, dressed in his ‘business attire’ and waiting for the elevator doors to open so he could jet across the posh lobby without dirtying the floors. He struck me as remarkably funny and totally likable, waxing effortlessly about the charm of Durban. He noticed my UN badge and inquired about COP17. In telling him that I was from UC San Diego, I found out that he calls California home now as well.

Noting my optimism for COP17, he commented on the pessimism in the media and among various delegates. After a perfect pause, for comedic timing, he looks to me and says, “If you come to these conferences, you have to cop in — not cop out.” In the end, his requisite was true. This was the longest COP in it’s 17-year history and negotiators worked 36 hours past the proposed end of the conference. Though the final plenary sessions were nowhere near reaching unanimous consensus on several issues – with Bolivia, Nicaragua, and Russia the most vociferous of all – the COP-in nations of the world chose to do so at a crucial time in human history.

I met US Negotiator Todd Stern just before a bilateral w/ EU and Basic

I knew that something was amiss. He just exited a press release, which was held 2 hours earlier than scheduled.

The usually calm and collected Stern was hurried by his entourage. I told a friend by my side that something much more urgent was going on than your typical rush between COP meetings.

Turns out that he was headed for bilateral meetings with the EU and BASIC group. As Christiana Figueres told me the other day, this COP is like a duck, “on the surface it looks calm, but under water” those feet as busy as can be.

Maybe this is just what she was talking about. To me, the only duck in this global pond is the EU. But its feet are moving so hard underwater that it is apparent on the surface that it is working frantically to get allies on round 2 of the Kyoto Protocol. Best of luck, on behalf of all of us, I hope that Christina Figueres is right about this COP having a lot of action beneath the surface. 2020 just won’t do. One thing is certain, Todd Stern was approaching his BASIC/EU bilateral with a lot of focus and preparation. Maybe COP17 can get several ducks in a row, giving us an early Christmas present – a breakthrough here in Durban… Warning: this is my youthful optimism speaking.

REDD+ with Jane Goodall

Avoided Deforestation Parters hosted a fantastic event yesterday where I met one of a childhood hero, Jane Goodall. This woman, calm and confident, left the audience in awe as she brought passion back into the confused efforts of COP17. I thanked her for this and she showed me her appreciation with a hug and said, “that really is it ins’t it. It’s about passion.”

Also on the panel were: H. Clark (New Zealand) & M. Robinson (Ireland) also present. Event host was Avoided Deforestation Partners, and included special video messages from Bill and Sect Hillary Clinton, as well as Pres Obama. All had touching memories of W.Maathai, whose indomitable spirit is the pulse of this COP on African soil. That spirit is needed now, more than ever. At the UNEP Billion Tree campaign event last night, the prince of Monaco recognized that spirit.

Unfortunately, it appears that all is not right at the moment with the REDD+ negotiations. Fingers crossed that consensus can be reached today. Accounting for over a 1/5 of global GHG emissions, not to mention the social and biodiversity aspects (hence the +’s), keep an eye out for any progress at COP17 to save our forests. Thanks to the efforts icons like of Maathai and Goodall, we have cause for hope.

UNEP Billion Trees Campaign Honors Wanhari Maathai and Shows Youthful Passion

It was a fancy dinner sponsored by Ned Bank last night. An event held in the honor of Wangari Maathai, whose passion inspired millions and whose spirit remains present in nearly all events here at COP 17. Speakers included the Prince of Monaco, the CEO of Ned Bank, the Executive Director of the UNEP, and the passionate group of youngsters from the Plant for the Planet campaign, led by Felix Finkbeiner (who absolutely stole the show).

You look into the eyes of these passionate (at times a little angry) youths and wonder how on Earth we are talking about waiting until 2020 to SOLVE this problem. “We will not pollute like you do” implored an adorable boy no older than 5 years of age.

The CEO of Ned Bank gave a great speech as well, noting that his company’s green exchange portfolios (that is comprised of sustainably progressive companies) is outperforming general portfolios by 30%. He also reminded the audience that even if they have never been to the African continent, they are returning after about a 70,000 year trip. Like the good businessman he is, he also looked at our GHG emission problem as a budget problem, where we are spending emission capabilities much much too quickly. One looks to Greece and Italy with worry. If we can’t balance national budgets, how can we budget global emissions.

Small World: US Ambassador to South Africa knows the Dean of my graduate program

As the World Climate Summit came to a close, I was exhausted. After meeting several potential employers from a host of companies, including the director of sustainability for Siemens, I was debating on leaving without attending the closing reception. The US Ambassador to South Africa, Don Gips, was the host, so I decided to stay until the end. Interestingly enough, when I mentioned my alma mater, UC San Diego, Ambassador Gips immediately asked, “Do you know Peter Cowhey?”. I replied, “of course, he was my dean at the School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS).” The world is small indeed. I told Gips that it was because of Dean Cowhey and  IRPS’s support that I was able to attend COP-16 the year before. The dean taught me the purpose of “stirring the pot” unwaveringly engage business, government, and thought leaders – at large conferences such as these, but always remembering “that the purpose is to create a tasty result.”

Climate Vulnerable Forum: An Effort to Unite Efforts and Catalyze Action

It was my pleasure to participate in the Climate Vulnerable Forum today. The minister of Bangladesh, Hasan Mahmod gave a particularly touching speech. If even modest climate change projections are true, a massive proportion of Bangladesh is set to be flooded by sea level rise. Mr. Mahmod stated that our planet is a “single lifeboat. If one of us sinks, we all sink.” The panel moderator, Simon Maxwell, executive chair of the Climate & Development Network, echoed these remarks by stating that there can be no winners if there are losers in climate change. How right they are. The task at hand now is for these countries to lead by example and unite there message to reach the citizens of the major emitting economies. They look to be on track.

Best of luck to my new friends. Below are Mohamed Aslam & Stanislas Kamanzi, the Environmental Ministers of the Maldives and Rawanda.

 

A compelling lunch indeed. I immediately disclosed that I was from the US, but was quick to point out California’s cap-and-trade system.

Meet former President of Costa Rica, learn more about the Carbon War Room

Jose Maria Figueres proudly served his country in the mid 90’s, during which time he passed a nationwide carbon tax (’95). Now he continues to exhibit superb leadership in the environmental/business sector. We met during a media announcement of the Carbon War Room. He is chairman of the board for the War Room, which has an innovative idea for providing alternative jet fuel to airlines (http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/12/04/idUS69743+04-Dec-2011+BW20111204).

I was happy to see a local, San Diego based company on the list of jet-fuel providers – Sapphire Energy.

For those unfamiliar with the org, “Carbon War Room works on breaking down market barriers for capital to flow to entrepreneurial solutions to climate change, by employing a sector-based approach focusing on the solutions that make economic sense right now.”

Over the weekend, I attended the World Climate Summit, which is the premier event for private sector participants. The CEO of the Carbon War Room, Jigar Shah, spoke eloquently of the role PPPs to establish effective and scalable projects in renewable energy.

Hello from COP17, Durban!

I’m here at the United Nations Climate Convention Conference of Parties (COP), which is now its 17th year. My first COP was last year, where I was the lead of a student delegation from my UCSD graduate program, IR/PS. These are MEGA conferences with 10’s of thousands of people. Anyone and everything to do with climate change gravitates here. Policymakers. Negotiators. NGOs. Media. Business leaders. Activists.

Though expectations reached an all-time high with Copenhagen (COP-15) in 2009, the hopeful were left bewildered as efforts to establish a framework for the second phase of the Kyoto Protocol took a back seat to the global financial crisis.  My friend and mentor, David Victor (UCSD faculty), published an amazing book titled, “Beyond Global Gridlock”. To understand why Kyoto missed the green mark, and why an effective global climate change policy is so elusive to even our planet’s brightest minds, you must read David Victor’s book.

Of course, like most, I would love to see a binding agreement sooner rather than later. However, the “Durban Accords”, like the Cancun Accords, will likely be a commitment to continue to engage in the process, not a push for a tangible result. Even this modest prediction may be too optimistic. Numerous countries are already threatening to breakaway from Kyoto; namely, Canada, Japan, and Russia. The United States, though positive about the goals of reducing global emissions, has always remained on the regulatory sidelines. The EU sits at the center of the effort to mitigate, looking for core support from other major economies. And it is left wanting.

Meanwhile, the trajectory of global emissions and the plight of the vulnerable countries (i.e. food security, access to water, flooding, etc) are becoming exceedingly worse.

Broadly, the topics being intensely debated at this conference are: How can the global community launch the second round of Kyoto commitments? What will replace the Kyoto Protocol and will all major economies participate? How to finance the Green Climate Fund (GCF) to reach US$100bn/year by 2020? Can reduced emissions thru deg. and deforest. (REDD+) improve gender equality? What to do about clean technology transfer, including a clear definition?

Come along with me to explore these issues, learn of new innovations and meet the individuals working to save our planet and our quality of life.